Die göttliche Schöpfung der Welt und des Menschen aus dem Nichts ist Gegenstand des Glaubens zahlloser Menschen: sie ist auch Gegenstand rationaler Beweise. Im vorliegenden Buch wird die göttliche Schöpfung der Welt und des Menschen, und insbesondere dessen geistiger Seele, aus dem Nichts als Gegenstand reinster Vernunft unwiderleglich bewiesen.
(paper in English): Health policies are often nudging policies, a fact full of ethical implications. In order to approach this complex topic, I shall, first of all, introduce the reader to the Nudge Theory, focusing on the presence of deep relativistic biases at its root. Secondly, I shall be arguing that nudging from relativistic premises has the hidden and contradictory effect of spreading (meta-nudging) relativism itself as a proper ethical stance. An effect that bioethics should be especially concerned with, because is likely to cause a general disregard of scientific data or even the production of pseudoscientific literature. The risk is then that public institutions on such an adulterated base could be led into a vicious circle, by promoting and increasing biased nudges instead of unbiasing them. As a paradigmatic example of the whole phenomenon, the case of gender theory will be briefly considered due to its very relevant medical and bioethical consequences.
God, the Meaning of Life and the Life without Meaning of the Atheist (paper in Italian): The main goal of the paper is to give a rigorous demonstration of the following assumption: without God there would be no rational way to justify any ethical doctrine and life would be absurd. The logical structure of the paper develops upon three steps: a strait definition of the expression “sense of life”, an interpretation of the so called “Hume’s law”, the proposal of a metaethical theory which could be described as “grounding ethics ex auctoritate cum fundamento in re”. The theory proposed argues that, because of God’s ontological simplicity, the “Is-Ought Question” does not concern Him: to regard God as a Creating and Infallible Authority is the only way to lay the foundation of ethics through teleology and in spite of Hume’s law.
Style as Hallmark of Intellectual Freedom: philosophising according to Cornelio Fabro (paper in Italian): Cornelio Fabro (1911-1995) was an Italian Catholic priest of the Stigmatine Order and a scholastic Thomist philosopher and theologian. His deep contributions to the study of St. Thomas Aquinas' philosophy are to be regarded as the most relevant with respect to the notion of “participation”, which he demonstrated to be fundamental within Thomas' ontology and metaphysics. However, the very wide range of his philosophical, scientific and cultural knowledges were far limited to Scholastic Philosophy. He was expert in modern and contemporary philosophy (e.g. he wrote one of the most valuable and large monography on the origins and developments of atheistic thought, along with being the Italian translator of the Danish philosopher Kierkegaard: by the way, he was fluent in English, German, French, Spanish, Danish), but he was also a biologist and a refined organo player. Not surprisingly he was awarded with an impressive series of cultural titles by the Vatican and Italian State and by other public and private institutions. In front of such a giant of culture in this paper I try to investigate his peculiar philosophical methodology and style, which were animated by the most pure tension to the discovery of truth and, as a consequence, by a real intellectual freedom.
Essential Theoresis of the Principle of Causality in the Confrontation between S. Thomas and Neothomism (paper in Italian): Whithin the whole work of St. Thomas Aquinas one cannot find a concept of causality intended as first principle of knowledge. Such a doctrine has been developed only later, to the extent that, in the context of the nineteenth and twentieth-century Neothomism, the same demonstrability of God’s existence (through a rielaboration of the “five ways” of St. Thomas) has became dependent upon an alleged “first principle of causality”. The present paper is primarily devoted to critically analysing this new doctrine of causality, in order to establish if its insertion into St. Thomas' metaphysical theology could correspond to a really sound improvement.